1. #1

    What is the syllabus for STI Mains exam?

    What is the syllabus for STI Mains exam?
    thank you.

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Oct 2011

    Re: What is the syllabus for STI Mains exam?

    dear PSI means police sub-inspector , and STI means sales tax inspector ,asst.means mantralaya assistant.this exam is conducted by the MPSC.
    the syllabus is different for the both examination .
    sales tax inspector are selected through PSI-STI asst.exams,
    while sales tax officers (group A and group B) are selected through stae civil service exams,
    age limit
    you must have 19 years and you must have graduate from any discipline,you can also appear for the preliminary examination while you are in the final year of graduation,
    age limit for the STI asst. is 33 years for reserved category it is 38 years .
    for the PSI it is 28 years for reserved category it is 31 years .,
    education qualification
    you must have a degree from any Indian university or other educational institutions, if you are in the final year than also you can eligible for this exa,
    there is no limit for total number of attempts,
    there are three stages for the PSI-STI -assistant exam ,
    • preliminary examination,
    • main examination,
    • physical test and interview,
    preliminary examination,
    • this test is known as general ability test , the pattern will be in english and Marathi mediums,
    • total 150 questions and 300 marks , the duration of the exam is one and half hour.
    sub-topics for the general studies:
    • Indian and world geography-20 questions,
    • arithmetic-20 questions,
    • general sciences-20 questions,
    • history-20 questions,
    • social reformers-20 questions,
    • Indian polity, panchayati raj and economics -25 questions,
    • current events-25 questions,
    main examination
    this exam is consists of multiple type questions ,the pattern will be in english and Marathi mediums,
    this exam is conducted in four places in Maharashtra,
    • mumbai,
    • pune,
    • aurangabad,
    • Nagpur,
    paper-1 carries 200 marks,
    • Marathi =130 marks,
    • english=70 marks,
    sub topic wise division of marks
    paper-2: general studies carries 200 marks,
    • agriculture=25 marks,
    • science and engineering=25 marks,
    • commerce and economics =25 marks,
    • history,social reformers=25 marks,,
    • panchayati raj,polity current events=25 marks,,
    • statistics=5 marks,
    • mental ability=70 marks,
    after the result of the PSI main examination you have to attempt for the physical test,
    • pull-ups=40 marks,
    • long jump=30 marks,
    • short put =30 marks,
    • running(800 mtrs.) (in 2.30 mins) =100 marks,
    • total 200 marks,
    you must score more than 100 marks to qualify for the interview
    • PSI exam is on 22-04-2012,
    • mains exam is on 22-07-2012,
    • the applications available from February,
    • STI exam i on 13-05-2012,
    • mains is on 19-08-2012,
    • assistant exam is on 24-06-2012,
    • mains is on 09-09-2012.
    so dear be prepare for the exam ,
    all the best

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Aug 2011

    Re: What is the syllabus for STI Mains exam?


    STI stands for STATE TAX INSPECTOR and the exam is conducted by MPSC every year.

    There are three stages in STI examination and they are:


    The Syllabus for the MAINS EXAM is given below.

    Total Marks : 200

    Nature of Paper : Conventional Type

    Duration : 3 Hours

    1) Essay : The candidates are expected to write anarrative or a descriptive essay on one of the given topics in about 300words. It is intended to judge thecandidate's knowledge of the topic, manner of presentation and alsocompetence in using correct English. (Marks : 30)

    2) Letter writing : The candidates will be asked to write twotypes of letters, i.e. an informal letter to parents/ to a friend and aformal letter - an official/ business letter or a letter to the editor of anewspaper on a given topic in about 100 words. The candidate will be judged for content,manner of presentation and observance of the formal requirements of letterwriting. (Marks : 20)

    3) Communication Skills : The candidates areexpected to write on each of the following communicative activities (in about100-150 words). The purpose is to judge the candidate's ability to communicateeffectively in different cont1exts:a)A report of an event or a function or official workdone.

    b) A notice or an appeal or a warning or a PressRelease for the Media (Radio, T.V., Press).


    (i) Dialogue writing : A dialogue betweentwo persons or an appeal or adiscussion on a topical issue.
    (ii) Speeches : formal speeches -welcome / send- off/inaugural speech etc.

    (d) An individualconversation with a group of people --

    (1)at a Job Interview.
    (2)at a Press Conference.
    (3)with a delegation
    (4)at a project site --e.g.: (i) camps being constructed for cattle in a drought-affectedarea, (ii) temporary shelters being constructed for earthquake-affectedpeople.
    (5)at a place where some problematic situation has occurred --e.g.: natural calamities like floods, earthquakes etc. (e) A GroupDiscussion, a Meeting, a Teleconference on a topical issue. (Marks : 50)

    4) Precis-writing :A passage of about 300 words will begiven for precis-writing. Thecandidates are expected to reduce the passage to one-third of its originallength in their own words. The purposeof precis-writing is to judge the candidate’s ability to comprehend, analyseand summarise the main ideas in the passage in their own words to one-third of the given number of wordstherein. (Marks : 20)

    5) Comprehension : A passage of about300 words will be given with a set of questions based thereon. The purpose of the activity is to assessthe candidate's competence in understanding and answering questions based onthe passage. (Marks : 20)

    6) Paraphrase of a Prose Passage : A prosepassage of about 300 words will be given to be paraphrased in order to judgethe candidate’s ability to understand, analyse and express clearly and insimple language the ideas in the passage in his/her own words. (Marks : 20)

    7) Grammar :

    i)Transformation of Sentences,ii) Correction of Sentences,
    iii)Use of Tenses, iv) Punctuation, v)Word-formation,
    vi)Use of Phrases. (Marks : 40)

    MPSC Main General Studies Paper I Syllabus 2012:-

    Total Marks : 200

    Nature of Paper: Conventional Type

    Duration : 3 Hours

    Section -A (Marks : 40 )

    1) History:-

    01) Brief history of Maharashtra: Socio-cultural development during thefollowing regimes - Satvahanas - Vakatakas - Chalukyas - Rashtrakutas -Shilahars - Yadavas - Muslim regimes and Marathas.
    02) History of Modern India (1818-1857) particularly Maharashtra: Introduction of modern education - Press, Railway, Post andTelegraph, Industries, Land reforms and Socio-religious reforms - Its impacton society.
    03) Social and economic awakening: IndianNationalism - 1857 revolt and after, Indian National Congress (1885 - 1947),Role of important personalities, Role of Press and Education in socialawakening in pre- independent India.
    04) The other contemporary movements during pre-independence: Satyashodhak Samaj - Dr. B.R.Ambedkar's Movement - HinduMahasabha- Muslim League - National Revolutionary Movement - Leftist Movement- Peseant Movement - Tribal uprising.
    05) Post Independence development: Integration of princely states, formation of Linguistic states,Samyukta Maharashtra movement major political parties and personalitiesinvolved therein, Major developments and personalities during 1960-1990.
    06) Cultural Heritage of Maharashtra (Ancient to Modern) : PerformingArts (Dance, Drama, Films, Music and Folk Arts), Visual Arts (Architecture,Painting and Sculpture) and Festivals.
    07) Impact of Literature on socio - psychological development of Maharashtra: Bhakti, Dalit, Urban and Rural Literature.

    Section -B ( Marks : 40 )

    2) Geography of India - with special reference to Maharashtra :

    01) Location and extent - India's strategic location with reference to her neighbours, IndianOcean Rim, Asia and the World.
    02) Physical Geography:-

    Evolution of the Subcontinent - Majorphysiographic regions - Problems of floods and river pollution -Physiographic details of Maharashtra.a) Climate: Distribution of Rainfall. Rainfall in Maharashtra - spatial andtemporal variability - Agroclimatic zones of Maharashtra - Problem of Droughtand scarcity, DPAP (Draught Prone Area Programme) -Water requirement inAgricultural, Industrial and Domestic Sectors. Problem of Drinking Water.

    b) Soils - problems of soil erosion and degradation in Maharashtra. c) Natural Vegetation and wild life - Forest types in India and Indian wild life - National Parks - Sanctuaries in Maharashtra - Tiger Project.

    03) Economic Geography:-

    Minerals and Energy Resources : Theredistribution, importance and development in Maharashtra. Tourism in Maharashtra - Religious,Medicinal, Eco-Tourism and Cultural Heritage.

    04) Human and Social Geography:-

    Distribution of population. Migration ofpopulation - effects of migration on source and destination areas. Rural settlements in Maharashtra. Problems of Urbanand Rural Settlements - Environmental, Housing, Slum, Water Supply andSanitation, Urban Traffic and Pollution.

    Section -C ( Marks : 40)

    3) Indian Polity (With special Reference to Maharashtra) :

    01) The Constitution of India: Making of theConstitution - Philosophy of the Preamble - Salient Features of theConstitution (Secular democratic and socialist) - Fundamental Rights andDuties - Directive Principles of State Policy such as Free and Compulsoryprimary education, Uniform Civil Code - Centre - State relations andFormation of New States - Independent Judiciary - Amendment Procedure : MajorAmendments to the Constitution : Landmark Judgments used for interpreting theConstitution.

    Structure and Functions of majorCommissions and Boards: Election Commission, Union and State Public ServiceCommissions, National Women's Commission, Human Rights Commission, NationalMinorities S.C./S.T. Commission - River Water Dispute Settlements Board etc.

    02) The Political System (Structure, Powers and Functions ofGovernments) :

    a) The CentralGovernment - The Union Executive: President- Vice-President- Prime Minister and Council of Ministers - Attorney General of India - Comptroller and Auditor General of India
    b) The Union Legislature- Parliament, Speaker and Dy. Speaker -Parliamentary Committees - Parliament's Control over Executive.
    c)Judiciary: Organisation of Judiciary - Integrated Judiciary- Functions - Role and Power of the Supreme Court and High Court -Subordinate Courts - Lok Pal, Lok Aayukt and Lok Nyayalaya - Judiciary as awatch-dog protecting the Constitutional Order- Judicial Activism.
    d) The State Government: The State Executive - Governor - Chief Minister and the Councilof Minister - Role, Functions and Powers - The State Legislature -Legislative Assembly - Legislative Council - Compositions - Powers, Functionsand Role - Legislative Committees.
    e) The Local Governments:-

    (1) Urban - Municipal Corporations, Municipal councils, Municipalities,Nagarpanchayat and Cantonment Boards. Structure, Officials, Resources,Powers- Functions and Controls. (2) Rural - Panchayat Raj System - Zilla Parishad, Taluka Panchayat andVillage Panchayat - Structure - Officials - Resources - Powers- Functions andControls (3) Significance of 73rd and 74thAmendment to the Constitution. (4) Empowerment of local government and their role indevelopment.
    03) Parties and Pressure Groups: Nature of Party system - Role of NationalParties - Ideology, organisation and electoral performance - Regional Parties- Ideology, Organisation and electoral performance - Major Pressure Groupsand Interest Groups in Maharashtra - their Role and impact on Policy making.
    04) The Media: Print and Electronic Media - its impacton policy making, shaping of the public opinion and educating the people.
    05) The Electoral Process: Main features of Electoral process - singlemember territorial Constituencies. Reserved constituencies for weakersections - Adult Franchise - Role of Election Commission - General Elections- Major trends - Patterns of Voting behaviour - and Factors influencing thevoting behaviour - Problems and difficulties in conducting Free and FairElections - Electoral Reforms.
    06) Challenges and Responses to Indian Democracy: Social and Economic inequalities - Regional imbalances -illiteracy and unemployment.

    Section - D( Marks : 40 )

    4) Human Resource Development (HRD):-

    01) Human Resource Development in India - Presentstatus of population in India - quantitative aspect (size and growth - Sex, Age, Urban andRural) and qualitative aspects (Education and Healthcare). Population policy and projection upto2050. Importance and need of HumanResource planning in modern society. Components and factors involved inplanning of Human Resources. Nature,types and problems of unemployment in India, Trends of Employment in India, Demand estimate of skilled manpower in different Sectors andAreas. Governmental and VoluntaryInstitution engaged in development of manpower e.g. NCERT, NIEPA, UGC, Open Universities, AICTE, ITIs, NCVT, IMC etc. Problems and issues related to HRD.Govt. employment policy, various schemes to reduce unemployment andunderemployment.
    02) Education: Education as a tool of HR developmentand social change. Education (Pre-primary to Higher Education) system in India. Problems and issues (Universalisation of education,vocationalisation of education. Quality improvement, Dropout etc.) Education for - Girls, Socially andEconomically underprivileged classes, Handicapped, Minorities, Talent Searchetc. Govt. policies, Schemes andprogramms for Education, Govt. and Voluntary Agencies involved in promoting,regulating and monitoring Formal, Non- formal and Adult education.e-Learning. Impact of globalisationand privatisation on Indian education.
    03) Vocational Education: As a tool of HRdevelopment. Vocational/TechnicalEducation- Present status, systems and training in India particularly in Maharashtra. Govt. policies, schemes and programs - Problems, issues andefforts to overcome them. Institutes involved in promoting, regulating,accrediting vocational and Technical Education.
    04) Health: As an essential and major component ofHRD, Vital Statistics, World Health Organisation (WHO) - objectives,structure, functions and its programmes. Govt. Health policies, schemes andprogrammes, Healthcare system in India. Problems and issuesrelated to Healthcare and efforts to overcome them.
    05) Rural Development: Empowerment ofpanchayat Raj system. VillagePanchayat and its role in Rural development, Land reforms and development,Role of cooperative institutes in Rural Development, Financial Institutesinvolved in Rural Development, Rural Employment Schemes, Rural Water Supplyand Sanitation programs. Infrastructure development e.g. Energy,Transportation, Housing and communication in rural area.

    Section - E( Marks : 40 )

    5) Human Rights:-

    Concept-Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR 1948)- International humanrights standards, Its reflections in Indian constitution, mechanism toenforce and protect Human Rights in India, Human Rights Movement in India,Problems related to human rights deprivations such as poverty, illiteracy, unemployment,social-cultural-religious practices, violence, corruption, terrorism,exploitation of labour, custodial crimes etc.). Need, for training andpractising of human rights and human dignity in a democratic set up.

    6) Socio-Economic development of following segments of the society :

    01) Child Development: problems and issues(Infant mortality, Malnutrition, Child labour, Children education etc.) -Government Policies, welfare schemes and programs - Role of internationalagencies, Voluntary Organisations Community resources. People participationin their Welfare.
    02) Women Development - problems and issues(Gender inequality, Violence against women, Girl child Infanticide/Foeticide,Empowerment of Women etc.)- Government Policy, schemes and programs fordevelopment / welfare and empowerment - Role of international agencies,Voluntary Organisations and Community resources. People’s participation intheir development.
    03) Youth Development: problems and issues(Unemployment, unrest, drug addiction etc.) - Government Policy - developmentschemes and programs - Role of international agencies, VoluntaryOrganisations and Community resources. People’s participation in theirdevelopment.
    04) Tribal Development: problems and issues(Malnutrition, isolation, integration and development etc.) - Tribal movement- Government Policy, welfare schemes and programs- Role of internationalagencies, Voluntary Organisations and Community resources. People’sparticipation in their Welfare.
    05) Development for Socially deprived classes ( SC, OBC etc. ) - problems and issues (inequality in opportunity etc.) -Government Policy, welfare schemes and development programs - Role ofinternational agencies, Voluntary Organisations and Resource mobilsation andCommunity participation.
    06) Welfare for aged People- problems and issues- Government Policy - welfare schemes and programs - Role of internationalagencies, Voluntary Organisations and Community participation for theirdevelopment. Utilisation of their services in developmental activities.
    07) Labour Welfare - problems and issues(working conditions, wages, health and problems related to organised andunorganised sectors) - GovernmentPolicy, welfare schemes and programs - Role of international agencies,community and Voluntary Organisations.
    08) Welfare of disabled persons - problems andissues (inequality in educational and employment opportunity etc.) -Government Policy, welfare schemes and programs - Role of internationalagencies, Voluntary Organisations in employment and rehabilitation.
    09) People’s Rehabilitations - (People affected by Development projects and Natural Calamities.) -Strategy and programs - Legal Provisions - Consideration of different aspectslike economic, cultural, social, psychological etc.
    7) Globalisationand its impact on different sections of Indian Society.
    8) Consumer Protection: Salient features ofthe existing act- Rights of consumers- Consumer disputes and redressalmachinery, Different kinds of Forums- Objectives, Powers, functions, procedures, Consumer Welfare Fund.
    9) Values and Ethics : Fostering of social norms, values, ethics through formal andinformal agencies such as family, religion, education, media etc.

    MPSC Main General Studies II Syllabus 2012:-

    Total Marks : 200

    Nature of Paper : Conventional Type

    Duration : 3 Hours

    Section - A( Marks : 40 )

    India in World Affairs

    1) Foreign Policy of India:-

    01) Basic Principles, Objectives, andDeterminants of foreign policy.
    02) India and Neighbours: Conflict andCo-operation.
    03) India and Indian Ocean.
    04) Foreign Economic Policy of India: Aid, Trade and economic cooperation.

    2) Nuclear Policy of India:-

    01) Salient features.
    02) Determinants ofNuclear Tests:-

    Pokhran I (1974) and Pokhran II (1998)

    3) Recent Trends in Nuclear Policy such asNPT (Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty) and CTBT (Comprehensive Test BanTreaty.)

    3) India's External and Internal SecurityConcerns :

    01) Terrorism, Insurgency, Regional andSub-regional conflicts; Socio-economic imbalances; Naxalite Movements,Separatist Movements, Communal Violences and Caste Conflicts.
    02) Law Enforcement Mechanism and Judiciary.

    a) Existing Laws and Regulations with reference to Maharashtra.

    Intelligence and Security Agencies

    c) Treaties of Extradition and Interpol.

    4) International Affairs and Institutions :

    01) Emerging important issues and events ininternational relations (1990 onwards) Political, Strategic and Economic : considerations.
    02) Regional andInternational Institutions:

    a) SAARC, ASEAN, NAM, Commonwealth of Nations and European Union.b) United Nations System: Its Charter andOrgans, (General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social Council andInternational Court of Justice) c) UN Agencies: UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNDP, UNICEF, UNHCR, UNPeace Keeping Forces, UNCHR, ILO and WHO.

    Section - B( Marks : 40 )

    Indian Economy, Planning, Trade, Rural Development

    5) Planning : Process - Types - Review of India'sFirst to Tenth Five year Plans. Evaluation. Social and Economic Indicators of Development. State and Local Level Planning. Decentralisation - 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments.

    Indian Economy - trends in SectoralDevelopment and profile of service Sector. Challenges in Indian Economy -Poverty, Unemployment and Regional Imbalances.

    6) Urban and Rural Infrastructure Development: Need and Significance. Growth and Development of Social and economic infrastructure such asEnergy, Water supply and sanitation, Housing, Transport (Road, Portsetc.) Communications (Post andTelegraphs, Telecommunication), Network of Radio, TV, Internet. Crises, problems related to Infrastructurein India. Policy alternatives -Public-Private Sector Partnership. FDIand Infrastructure Development - Privatisation of infrastructuredevelopment. Centre and StateGovernment Policies for Infrastructure Development. Transport and Housing (Urban and Rural).Problems - Centre and State Government initiatives and programmes.
    7) Industry : Need - importance and role of industries in economic and socialdevelopment, Growth Pattern, Structure of Large-scale Industries in India with special reference to Maharashtra. Small-scale,Cottage and Village industries Problems Prospects of Small scale, cotage andvillage industry. Impact of liberalisation, privatisation and globalisationon SSIs. State Government Policy,measures and programmes for development, promotion and monitoring of SSIs(with special reference to Maharashtra) Export Potential of Small scale and cottage industries.
    8) Co-operation: Concept, Meaning, Objectives, Old andnew principles of co-operation. Growthand diversification of co-operative movement in India. Co-operative institution in Maharashtra - types, role,importance and diversification. State policy and Co-operative sector -Legislation, Supervision, Audit and Aid. Problems of Co-operatives in Maharashtra. Prospects ofCooperatives in the era of global competition.
    9) Economic reforms: Background,Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation - (concept, meaning, scopeand limitations). Economic Reforms at Centre and State Level. WTO Regime - Provisions and itsimplications and impact on Indian Economy, issues and problems.
    10) International Trade and International Captial Movements: Emerging Trends in era of globalisation. Growth, Composition and Direction of India's Foreign Trade. Foreign trade policy of India - Export Promotion. WTOand International Trade. Foreign Capital Inflows - Composition and Growth -FDI. e-Commerce. Role ofMultinationals - International Financing Agencies - (IMF, World Bank andIDA). International Credit Ratings.
    11) Public Finance: Sources of revenue -tax, non-tax and public debt of Centre and States in India. Public Expenditure(Centre and States) - Growth and causes. Public Expenditure Reform -Performance Based Budgeting and Zero - Based Budgeting. review of Tax Reforms at national and State level. VAT.

    Public debt - Growth, Composition andBurden. Problem of States'Indebtedness to Centre.
    Fiscal Deficits - Concepts, Control ofDeficits - Centre, State and RBI Initiatives.
    Fiscal Reforms in India - Review at Centre and State Level.
    Section - C( Marks : 40 )
    Natural Resource Development

    12) Agriculture: Importance of Agriculture in NationalEconomy - Causes of low productivity - Government policies, schemes andprogrammes for agriculture production and developments such as land reformsand land utilisation, soil and water conservation, rainfed farming,Irrigation and its methods, Agriculture inputs (improved seeds, Fertilizersand Manures, Pest Management, Mechanization of Agriculture). Problem of ruralindebtedness, Agriculture credit- need, importance and Financial Institutionsinvolved therein. Agriculture pricing- components, factors affecting pricesof various Agriculture produces - Govt. support prices of various agricultureproduces, Subsidies. Agriculture Marketing - present status, Value addedproducts. Role of Govt and itsinstitutes in agriculture marketing.

    13) Animal Husbandry and Dairy Development: Its role, importanceand significance in National Economy, Livestock in India particularly inMaharashtra, Govt policies, schemes and programmes for livestock developmentincluding livestock breeds, feeds and fodder, Healthcare - Role of milk, meatand poultry products in human nutrition, White Revolution, Co-operative dairyenterprises in Maharashtra.

    14) Development of fisheries: Its role and significance in national economy, scope anddevelopment of fisheries in India and particularly in Maharashtra, Causes of low productivity and Govt efforts to overcome it,export of marine products.

    15) Horticulture: Importance and scope of fruit andplantation crops with reference to Maharashtra, Role of fruits and vegetablesin human nutrition, Major fruit Plants, vegetable crops and flower plants ofMaharashtra, Horticultural crops suitable for dryland and rainfed condition.Problems and its solutions of low productivity. Processing, packaging,transportation, marketing of Horticultural Products. Government schemes andprograms for Horticulture development and marketing, Government Agencies andInstitutes engaged in Horticulture development.

    16) Forestry: Its role in enhancing the quality ofenvironment, Causes and effects of deforestation, Problems and issues relatedto forestry - Government policies and afforestration programmes (Socialforestry, Agroforestry), Utilisation of forest products, Role of Government,Voluntary Organisation and local community in forest development.

    17) Food and Nutrition: Food - trends inFood production and consumption in India, First and ensuing second GreenRevolutions, Self-sufficiency in food, Problem of food security, Problems andissues of storage, procurement, distribution, import and export of food.Calorific value of foods and its measurement, Energy and nutrient needs ofhuman body for better health and balanced diet - common nutritional problemsin India and its causes and effects, Govt. Policies, schemes, programs suchas PDS, Food for work, Mid-day Meal Scheme and other nutritional programs.

    Section - D( Marks : 40 )

    Scientific and Technological Developments

    18) Energy: Conventional and non-conventionalenergy sources - Potential of Solar, Wind, Biogas, Biomass, Geothermal andother renewable energy sources. Introduction to solar gadgets viz solarcooker, water heater etc. Biogas- principle, and process.
    Problems of Energy Crises, Govt.Policies and programs for power generation. Nuclear Power Program, ThermalPower Program, Hydroelectric Power program, Power distribution and NationalGrid. Agencies and Institutions engaged in Energy security, Research anddevelopment.

    19) Computer: Role of computer in modernsociety, its applications in variousspheres of life such as data communication, networking and web technologies,Cyber crime and its prevention.

    20) Information Technology: as a new industry -use of I.T. in various services and faculties of knowledge. Growth andpresent status of I.T. industry in India, Govt. programs such as Media Lab Asia, Vidya Vahini, GyanVahini, Community Information Centre etc. Major issues in IT industry - itsprospects.

    21) Space Technology: Indian spaceprogrammes, Artificial satellites - types and applications, Indian Artificialsatellites for telecommunication, television, education, broadcasting,weather forecasting, GPS, disaster warning. Indian missile program etc.
    Remote sensing, GIS and its applicationin weather forecasting, Disaster warning, water, soil, mineral resourcesdevelopment, agriculture and fisheries development, urban planning,ecological studies, GS and GIS.

    22) Water Resources: Significance ofwater in human & national development, National and State Water Policy,Water Resources - potential, planning and development in India particularlyin Maharashtra, Intrastate andInterstate River water disputes, Various irrigation projects, Nationalprogramme of flood management, Groundwater development in India particularlyin Maharashtra. National and State Agencies engaged in water resourcedevelopment and research.

    23) Ocean Development: Role of the seas inclimatic changes and monsoon in India, Marine living and non-living resourcesdevelopment, causes and effect of sea pollution and coastal degradation,Coastal and Marine Area Management, CRZ Regulation, Coastal CommunityDevelopment. Govt. programs and activitiesfor ocean resources development, Ocean observing and research.

    24) Meteorology: Earth atmosphere - its composition,extent and structure. Atmospheric weather variables (Parameters), Weatherforecasting system, cloud formation and movement - Monsoon model - crop yieldmodel.

    25) Environment: Ecosystems - Biodiversity and balanceecosystem - Biosphere Reserve (wetlands, mangroves coral reefs). Pollution:Types and sources, its impact on environment and related problems, Govt.efforts to prevent and control of pollution, Govt. legislation andprograms. Sustainable development infield of agriculture, industry, urban habitant, etc. Govt. and Voluntaryagencies engaged in Environmental protection activities at national andinternational level.

    26) Biotechnology: Its potential toimprove human life and national economy through agricultural, industrialdevelopment and employment generation. Biotechnology as an essential andimportant tool of natural resource development. Areas of application - Agriculture,Animal breeding and Veterinary health-care, Pharmaceutics, Human healthcare,Food technology, energy generation, environment protection etc. Role andefforts of government in promoting, regulating and developing biotechnologyin country. Ethical, Social, Legalissues related to biotechnological development, possible adverse effects ofbiotechnological development.

    Section - E ( Marks : 40 )

    StatisticalAnalysis, Graphs and Diagrams

    27) Classification and Tablulation of Datagiven in descriptive form.
    28) Computation and interpretation of Mean,Median, Mode of Data given.
    29) Conversion of Tabular data / informationin a) Diagram - Venn, bar, Pie diagram. b) Graph - Line graph, Histogram,Polygon.
    30) Interpretation of Data / Informationgiven in Tabular and Diagramatic / Graphical Form.
    31) Pointing out deficiencies, limitations,in consistencies in the given Data.
    32) To prepare Algorithm and Flow chart forsolving simple problems in organisation.

    MPSC Main Agriculture Syllabus 2012:-

    Total Marks : 200

    Nature of Paper : Conventional Type

    Duration : 3 Hours

    Section - A ( Marks : 50 )



    01) Ecology and its relevanceto natural resources in India in general and Maharashtra in particular, withspecial reference to agriculture.

    02) Agro moterology- types of climate and their methods of classification

    03) Effectof climatic factors on crop growth.

    04) Drought- classification and factors of drought tolerance in plants.

    05) Eco-system,Environmental pollution and associated hazards to crop plants.

    2)Cropping Patterns :

    01) Cropping patterns inrelation to Agro-climatic zones of Maharashtra

    02) Conceptof multiple cropping, multistory, relay, inter cropping and mixed croppingand their importance in crop production and resource management.

    03) OrganicFarming - Concept, Permaculture, Regenerative agriculture, Prospects andLimitations.

    04) Packageof practices of important cereals, pulses, oilseeds, fibers, sugarcane, andfodder crops grown during kharif and rabi seasons in Maharashtra.

    05) Weedsassociated with various crops and their integrated management.

    3)Tillage :

    01) Tillage and its objectiveand factors affecting it.

    02) Tillageimplements and its relevance for good tillage and plant growth.

    03) Modernconcept of tillage.

    Section - B ( Marks : 50 )

    Agricultural Chemistry and Soil Science

    4) Soil :

    01) Processes and factors of soil formation.
    02) Classification of soil including modern concepts.
    03) Physical, chemical and biological properties of soil (texture, structure, soil reaction and pH, soil air and soil temperature etc.).
    04) Soil Survey and Land capability classification.
    05) Soils of Maharashtra.
    06) Soil fertility management in relation to sustainability of productivity.

    5) Soil and Water Conservation :

    01) Soil conservation, planning on watershed basis.
    02) Erosion and run-off management in hilly, foothills and valley lands.
    03) Dry land agriculture and its problem, stabilization of productivity in dry land agriculture.
    04) Problem soils and their reclamation methods.

    6) Essential Nutrients in Plants :

    01) Essential plant nutrients criteria, classification, functions, deficiency symptoms and corrective measures.
    02) Organic manures, inorganic fertilizers, bio-fertilizers and methods of application.
    03) Fertigation, slow release fertilizers and fertilizer use efficiency.
    04) Integrated plant nutrient management (IPNM) in relation to sustainable agriculture.

    Section - C ( Marks : 50 )

    Agricultural Engineering

    7) Water Management :

    01) Soil water constant and water requirement.
    02) Water use efficiency in crop production.
    03) Criteria for scheduling irrigation.
    04) Drip and sprinkler irrigation.
    05) Quality of irrigation water.
    06) Type of drainage for water logged soil, effect of drainage on soil improvement and crop growth.
    07) Effect of industrial effluents on soil and water pollution.

    8) Farm Machinery and Power:

    Conventional and Non-conventional sources of farm power, farm machinery and farm implements.

    9) Agricultural Process Engineering :

    01) Concept of value addition and scope, utilisation of byproduct.
    02) Post-harvest processing techniques and equipments, status of Agro-industries in Maharashtra.

    Section - D ( Marks : 50 )


    10) Horticulture:-

    01) Climatic requirements and cultivation of major fruit crops, vegetable crops and flower plants, package of practices.
    02) Scope of fruits, vegetables and flowers for domestic and export market.
    03) Important Milestones and present status in fruits, vegetables and floriculture in Maharashtra.
    04) Principle methods of preservation of important fruits and vegetable products.
    05) Role of fruits and vegetables in human nutrition.
    06) Production of mushroom.
    07) Design, layout of gardens and land scaping.
    08) Hi-tech floriculture (Green House and Poly House technology).
    09) Importance and scope of dry land horticulture and crops suitable for dry land and rain fed conditions.
    11) Medicinal and Aromatic plants :

    Importance and scope of medicinal and aromatic plants, its cultivation, processing and present status in Maharashtra.

    12) Forestry:-

    Types of Forestry, Social and Agro- forestry, their importance, scope and relevance to the need of rural community, multipurpose tree species, Apiculture and Sericulture.

    Paper II

    Standard : Degree in Agriculture

    Total Marks : 200

    Nature of Paper : Conventional Type

    Duration : 3 Hours

    Section - A ( Marks : 50 )

    Agricultural Botany:-

    1) Cell Biology :

    01) Cell Structures and organelles.
    02) Cell division - Mitosis and Meiosis.
    03) Nucleic acids.

    a) Structure and functions.
    b) Gene structure and functions.

    2) Genetics:-

    01) Laws of heredity, their significance in plant breeding.

    02) Linkage and crossing over and its significance in recombination breeding.

    03) Variations - Component of variation, polyploidy, euploid and aneuploids, Mutations and mutgens.

    3) Plant breeding :-

    01) Mode of reproduction - Selfing and crossing techniques.

    02) Sterility and incompatibility and its role in crop improvement.

    03) Crop genetic resources, conservation and utilization.

    04) Breeding Methods.

    a) Selection (mass selection, pure line selection, pedigree selection and recurrent selection).
    b) Hybridization.

    (1) Combining ability and its significance in plant breeding.
    (2) Hybrid vigour and its exploitation.
    (3) Back cross method of breeding.
    (4) Breeding for disease and pest resistance.
    (5) Role of inter-specific and inter generic hybridization.

    05) Improved varieties, hybrids composites of various crop plants.

    4) Seed Technology :

    01) Seed technology and its importance.
    02) Different types of seeds and their production and processing techniques.
    03) Role of public and private sector in seed industry.
    04) Seed Acts, seed testing and seed certification.

    5) Physiology :

    01) Photosynthesis and its Mechanism.
    02) C3, C4 and Crasulacean Acid Metabolism (CAM) plants.
    03) Aerobic and anaerobic respiration.

    6) Growth and Development of Plants :

    01) Plant growth regulators - Phytoharmones, their mechanism of action and importance in agriculture.

    02) Seed germination and dormancy.

    Section - B ( Marks : 50 )

    Plant Pathology,Entomology and Nematology

    7)Plant Pathology :

    01) Plantdiseases and their Classification.

    02) Plantdiseases of major crops of Maharashtra.

    03) Epidemiologyand forecasting of diseases.

    04) Principlesof Plant disease management.

    05) Plantprotection equipments and maintenance.

    06) Integrateddisease management ( IDM).

    07) Biologicalcontrol of diseases.

    8)Entomology :

    01) Classificationof insect and pests of agricultureimportance.

    02) Majorinsect pests of major crops of Maharashtra and losses cause of by them.

    03) Biologicalcontrol of insect pests, scope and limitation.

    04) Storageinsect pests of cereals and pulses and their management.

    05) Integratedpests management (IPM).

    9) Nematology :

    Plant parasitic nematodsof major crops of Maharashtra infestation and theirmanagement.

    10) Pesticides:-

    Pesticides andbio-pesticides, their formulations, compatibility and mode of action,microbial toxins.

    Section - C( Marks : 50 )

    11)Food Policy and Standards:-

    01) Food production andconsumption trends in Maharashtra.

    02) Nationaland International food policies.

    03) Production,procurement, distribution, storage and processing of farm products.

    04) Relationof food production and national dietary pattern.

    05) Majordeficiencies of calorie and protein - malnutrition problems in Maharashtra.

    12)Livestock production and management:-

    01) Live stock production ofcattle, goat, sheep, poultry and pig in Maharashtra.

    02) Livestock breeds and their characteristics, Breeding and management of dairy animals.

    03) Animalnutrition - Chemical compositions of animal feed, digestion, absortion andmetabolization of food, nutritive evaluation of feed.


    a) Tissueculture and its application in agriculture.

    b) RecombinantDNA technology.

    c) Transgenicplants for biotic and abiotic stress tolerance.

    d) Biotechnologyand its application in food processing, alcoholic beverages, biogas,bio-fertilizers, Animal and human health.

    14) Remote sensing and its application inagriculture and natural resource management.

    Section - D ( Marks : 50 )

    Agricultural Economics and Extension

    15) Agricultural Economics:-

    01) Farm management, and importance.
    02) Farm planning and budgeting.
    03) Types and systems of farming and factors affecting them.
    04) Agricultural marketing and its institutes, pricing of agricultural inputs and outputs.
    05) Problems in the marketing and measures to overcome.
    06) Agricultural price policy, objectives of price policy, price stabilization and price support policy of government to agricultural produce.
    07) Agricultural finance institutes and role in agricultural economy.
    08) Government agricultural credit policy, credit institutes, problems thereof.
    09) Government economic policy, World Trade Organization (WTO)- present provisions and its impact on agricultural production, growth and trade. Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) and Petents.
    10) Agricultural business management.
    11) Cooperation : Meaning, Principles and importance of cooperation, Types of cooperative institutes and their role in agriculture development, cooperative movement in Maharashtra.

    16) Extension :-

    01) Agricultural extension, its importance and role.
    02) Methods of evaluation of extension programme.
    03) Socioeconomic survey and status of big, small and marginal farmers and landless agricultural labours.
    04) Communication
    a) Importance of audiovisual aids in extension education.
    b) Mass media and their importance in extension education.
    c) KVK and its role in agricultural promotion and development.
    d) Single window system organization.

    05) Lab to land programme, TAR, IVLP, ATMA & Kisan Call Centre.
    06) Integrated rural development programme.
    07) Role of public and private agencies in agricultural extension.
    08) Information Technology, its utility and role in agricultural extension and development.
    09) Agri - Clinics: concept, need and prospects.

    MPSC Main History Syllabus 2012:-

    Paper I

    Standard : Degree

    Total Marks : 200

    Nature of Paper : Conventional Type

    Duration : 3 Hours

    Section - A (Marks : 50)

    1) Sources of ancient Indian history.

    Archaeological Sources;

    Literary Sources : (a) Indigeneous, (b) Foreign accounts.

    2) Indus valley civilization : its origin, nature and decline.

    3) Vedic period : Migrations and settlements, Evolution of Social and Political institutions, religious and philosophical ideas, rituals and practices.

    4) Mahajanpadas; Rise of Magadha; the Mauryan empire, its nature.

    Jainism and Buddhism.
    Ashoka and his Dhamma.

    Section - B ( Marks : 50 )

    5) Post-Mauryan Period in Northern and peninsular India; Kushanas, Shakas and Satavahanas. Sangam age, Mahayana Buddhism, contacts with outside world.
    6) India in the Gupta and post-Gupta period : Nature of polity under the Guptas, Vakatakas, Vardhanas, Chalukyas and Pallavas; origin and growth of samanta system, social conditions, religious developments, Vaishnavism, Shaivism, Cave and Temple architecture, sculpture, paintings with focus on Maharashtra.
    7) India, 750-1200 : Politico-economic structure in the North and South India; the Gurjara-Pratiharas, the Pallvas, Imperial Cholas, the Rashtrakutas and their contemporaries in peninsular India; village community in the Deccan and South; Condition of women; commerce, mercantile groups and guilds; proliferation of castes.

    Arab conquest of Sindh-its significance.

    8) India, 750-1200 - Literature : Historical and Political thought - Kalhana, Medhatithi, Somdev Suri and Vishwarup. Scientific and technical literature; System of education, Religion and Philosophy; growth of Bhakti movement. Shankaracharya and Ramanuj. Art and architecture - styles of temples and sculptures.

    Section - C ( Marks : 50 )

    9) Political Developments (13th to 18th Century) : The Sultanate; regional powers. Foundation of Mughal empire; its expansion since Akbar to Aurangzeb.
    Decline and disintegration of Mughal empire.

    10) Political Developments in South India. The Vijayanagara and the Bahamanis - rise, expansion and disintegration.
    The Maratha movement, foundation of Swaraj by Shivaji, its expansion under the Peshwas, Maratha Confederacy, causes of decline of Maratha Power.

    11) Administration : Administration under the Sultanate; civil, judicial, revenue, fiscal and military; Shershah's administrative Reforms; Mughal administration, Land Revenue and other sources of income; Mansabdari and Jagirdari. Administrative system in the Deccan : the Vijayanagara, the Bahamanis and the Marathas; Malik Ambar's Revenue system.

    12) Economic Aspects : Agricultural Production, urban centres and population, trade commerce and currency.

    Section - D (Marks : 50)

    13) Socio - religious movements : Islam in India, the Sufis, the Nath Panthis, the Mahanubhavas, Bhakti movement with special reference to Warkari cult, the teachings of Saints of medieval period.

    14) Society : Ruling class, the mercantile and professional classes, major religious groups. Rural Society, Position of Women.

    15) Cultural Life :
    System of education, literature (Persian, Sanskrit, Regional Languages);
    Fine arts - Major schools of painting; Architectural development of North and South India. Indo-Islamic architecture.

    16) Successor states of Mughal empire; advent of European powers : Portuguese, Dutch, British and French; their trade rivalry.

    Paper II

    Standard : Degree

    Total Marks : 200

    Nature of Paper : Conventional Type

    Duration : 3 Hours

    Section - A(Marks : 50)

    1) Establishment ofBritish Rule in India : Wars against major Indian powers, Policyof subsidiary alliance, Doctrine ofLapse, Structure of British Raj upto 1857.
    2) Resistance to colonialRule : Early uprisings; Causes, nature and impact ofthe Revolt of 1857, Reorganisation of the Raj - 1858 and after.
    3) Colonial Economy : British colonialism, Economic impact of British Rule, Tributesystem, Drain of wealth, De-industrialisation, Revenue Settlements(Zamindari, Ryotwari, Mahalwari), Railways, Commercialisation of agriculture,Rural indebtedness, Famines, India as market for British goods, Limited growth of modernindustries.
    4) Socio-Cultural Changes: Contacts with Christian Missions, coming ofEnglish education and the Press, Official- social reform measures (1828 to1857).

    Socio-religious reform movements : BrahmoSamaj, Prarthana Samaj, Satyashodhak Samaj, Arya Samaj, reform movementsamong the Sikhs and the Muslims, Depressed Classes Mission, Non-Brahminmovement and Justice Party.

    Section –B(Marks : 50)

    5) Emergence and growthof Indian nationalism :Social background, formation of National Associations, Peasantuprisings, foundation of Indian National Congress, the moderate phase, growthof extremism, Morley-Minto reforms, Home Rule movement, Lucknow pact,Mont-Ford reforms.
    6) National movement inGandhi Era : Gandhiji’s leadership and ideology ofresistance, Gandhian mass movements : Khilafat and Non-cooperation, Swarajistpolitics, Civil Disobedience, individual Satyagraha, Quit India movement.

    Gandhiji and removal of untouchability.

    Dr. B.R.Ambedakar’s approach to problemof untouchability.

    Muslim politics and Freedom movement (SirSyed Ahmed Khan and Aligarh movement, Muslim League and Ali Brothers, Iqbal,Jinnah, Unionist Party and Krishak Praja Party).

    Politics of Hindu Mahasabha.

    Communists and the Indian freedomstruggle, Congress Socialist Party, women in the National movement, States’Peoples' movements.

    7) Towards Independenceand Partition : Constitutional progress, Nehru Report,Round Table Conferences, Govt. of India Act of 1935; Congress Ministries,1937-39.
    Subhashchandra Bose and Indian NationalArmy, Naval Mutiny, Transfer of power.

    8) 01) India after Independence(1947 - 1964) : Consequences of Partition,Rehabilitation work, Integration of Princely states, Indian Constitution,Land reforms, Planning and Industrialisation, Linguistic reorganisation ofstates, Nehru’s Policy of Non-alignment, Relations with neighbouringcountries, India’s role in International Politics.

    02) India after Nehru upto 1984 : Progress inAgriculture, Industry, Education, Science and Technology. Emergence of IndiraGandhi’s Leadership, Liberation of Bangladesh, Non-Alignment under IndiraGandhi, Coalition Governments in States; Students unrest, Jayaprakash Narayanand Emergency; Janata Party rule; Terrorism in the Panjab and Assam, IndiraGandhi’s return to power, her assassination.

    Section – C (Marks : 50)

    9) Enlightenment and Modernideas : Major Ideas of enlightenment : Kant andRousseau, Rise and growth of Socialist ideas : Robert Owen, St. Simon, KarlMarx – Engels, Lenin, Gramsci.

    10) Origins of ModernPolitics :

    American Revolution and the Constitution; French Revolution and its aftermath, 1789-1815; British DemocraticPolitics--1815-1850; Parliamentary reforms, Free Traders, Chartists.

    11) Industrial revolution in England, U.S.A, Germany, Japan.

    Industrialisation in Soviet Union and People’s Republicof China.

    12) Revolution and Counter-Revolution.

    The Bolshevik revolution, 1917; Fascismand Nazism; The Chinese Revolutions of 1911 and 1949.

    Section – D (Marks : 50)

    13) World Wars : World War I, causes and consequences; World War II, causes andconsequences.

    14) Cold War :

    Origins, containment of communism,military pacts. The role of UNO indispute resolution. Emergence andprogress of the Non-aligned movement.

    15) Liberation struggles :

    01) Arab World - Arab Nationalism,Arab-Israel conflict, Oil diplomacy.

    02) Africa from apartheid to democracy.

    03) Liberation struggles in Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Indonesia.

    16) End of Cold War :

    01) Fall of communist regimes in Eastern Europe and USSR.

    02) Disintegration of the Soviet Union.

    3) US ascendance in World Politics.


  4. #4
    Join Date
    Apr 2012

    Re: What is the syllabus for STI Mains exam?

    GO this link and you have find a more information avinashdharmadhikari.com/psi_sti_asst_exam_syllabus.html

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