1. #1

    What are the career options after completing M.Sc in Biotechnology?


    What are the career options after completing M.Sc in Biotechnology?

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  3. #2
    Join Date
    Jul 2012

    Re: What are the career options after completing M.Sc in Biotechnology?

    The Scope of Biotechnology:
    Genetic engineering: Genetic Engineering of microbes, plants and animals (including marine animals). Genetic engineering implies conferring new capabilities on an organism by Transferring into an organism the appropriate DNA (De oxyribo Nucleic Acid, the genetic material) of another having these capabilities does this.

    Gene Therapy:This is in a way, genetic engineering of humans, which would allow a person suffering from a disabling genetic disorder to lead a normal life.

    Tissue culture:Tissue culture of both plant and animal cells. These are used for Micro propagation of elite or exotic materials (Such as orchids), production of useful compounds such as taxol (the widely used anti-cancer drug) and vanillin, and preparation in the laboratory of “natural” tissues such as arteries for arterial graft or skin for burn victims.

    Stem cell techniques:Which would involve purification and isolation of stem cells from various tissues and develop into the desired tissue which could then be used, for example, for transplantation.

    Enzyme engineering and technology:Involves immobilized or stabilized enzymes, new classes of enzymes (ribozymes) or new enzymatic routes that produce important organic compounds. Enzymes are biological catalysts (Generally proteins) poised to replace inorganic catalysts, which are used in chemical industry.

    Photosynthetic efficiency:Increasing photosynthetic efficiency for biomass production in the plant with the same amount of light and other inputs.

    New DNA technologies:
    These include DNA fingerprinting, sequencing of genomes, development and use of new molecular markers for plant identification and characterization. Also the development of DNA- based probes for diagnosis of inherited disorders, antisense technologies that are aimed at blockage of the function of a particular stretch of DNA and computing using DNA.

    Plant-based drugs:Use of modern biological techniques for validation,
    standardization and manufacture of indigenous plant-based drug formulations.

    Peptide synthesis:
    Synthasis to make new drugs or other materials of industrial and commercial importance, such as salmon GnRH analogue (Ovaprim) to induce ovulation in fish.

    Rational drug design:Until a decade or so ago, the only way to discover a new drug was to synthesize a large number of compounds hoping that one of them will be effective against a particular disease.
    Nutraceuticals:That helps recovery after surgery or an episode of a major disease, or helps protect one against certain medical and health problems. For example, a Swedish company, Probi, has isolated a strain of Lactobacillus planetarum, which is apparently present in the digestive tract of Europeans and Amercians.

    Assisted reproductive technologies:Such as artificial insemination (Using husband’s or donor semen), invitro fertilization, intra cytoplasmic sperm injection and techniques involving egg donation, surrogate motherhood or embryo transfer.

    Advantages of biotechnologies: Biotechnologies are always non-polluting and, often, labour intensive. They make use of replenishable natural resources and help their conservation. They help, directly or indirectly, in saving energy. The cost of products produced through a biotechnological process is almost always less than that of the same product product produced, say, through a chemical synthetic route.

    Biotechnologies are less accident-prone. In spite of their high level of intellectual sophistication, it is easier to train people to handle biotechnologies than other technologies. Above all, they are interesting and exciting for all those involved with them.

    The Indian advantage
    No other country in the world today has the unique set of advantages that India offers for large-scale practice of biotechnology. We have one of the largest bio in the world. We also have one of the largest coastlines anywhere. We have at least seven distinct climatic zones and one of the largest and most varied sets of marine organisms anywhere. The ambient temperature in most parts of the country is just what living organisms need for their activities that result in a biotechnological product.

  4. #3
    Join Date
    Oct 2012

    Re: What are the career options after completing M.Sc in Biotechnology?

    After M.Sc in Biotechnology you have a great career option. You will go in research field through CSIR-NET, GATE, DBT, ICMR and you will also get job in medical, healthcare, agriculture, enironmental industry, etc. Though this course you will get jobs in india as well as abroad.

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